BBC News – Oscar Pistorius ‘shoots girlfriend’ – local media

14 February 2013 Last updated at 09:18 GMT

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Oscar Pistorius ‘shoots girlfriend’ – local media

South African journalist Cindy Poluta: “A 9mm pistol was found at the scene”

South African Paralympic athlete Oscar Pistorius has been arrested over the fatal shooting of his girlfriend at his home in Pretoria, local media say.

Police said a 26-year-old man, who they have not named, was in custody and a case of murder was being investigated.

The precise circumstances surrounding the incident are unclear. Reports say he may have mistaken her for a burglar.

Mr Pistorius, 26, is known as the “blade runner”, and was the first double amputee to run in the Olympics.

The suspect is expected to appear in court later on Thursday, reports say.

The news that he may have killed his girlfriend will shock the country as the athlete is regarded as one of South Africa’s national icons, reports the BBC’s Peter Biles from Capetown.

‘Fatally wounded’

The incident is said to have taken place between 04:00 and 05:00 local time (02:00-03:00 GMT).

A police statement said that a 30-year-old woman was “fatally wounded” in the early hours of Thursday morning at a home in the Silverlakes complex in the Boschkop area of the capital.

The woman had been wounded in her head and upper body. Paramedics were at the house when police arrived, but she died at the scene. A 9mm pistol was recovered.

Police gave no further details about the woman’s alleged relationship with Mr Pistorius.

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Oscar Pistorius

  • Popularly known as “blade runner”, he was born without a fibula in both legs
  • Won a key legal battle in 2008, when athletics’ governing body, the IAAF, allowed him to compete against able-bodied athletes
  • Made history in London 2012 by becoming the first amputee sprinter to compete in the Olympics
  • Apologised after claiming that his rival, Brazilian Alan Oliveira, was wearing blades that were too long in the 2012 Paralympics 200m final

South Africa has among the highest rates of crime in the world and many residents keep weapons to protect themselves against intruders.

But the country also has a careful vetting process before awarding gun licenses, Erika Gibson of Beeld newspaper told the BBC.

The athlete’s home is in a high-security up-market gated compound on the outskirts of Pretoria.

Mr Pistorius races wearing carbon fibre prosthetic blades after he was born without a fibula in both legs and had both legs amputated below the knee before his first birthday.

He reached the 400m semi-finals in the London 2012 Olympics. At the Paralympics he won silver in the T44 200m, gold in the 4×100 relay and gold in the T44 400m, setting a Paralympic record.

For years he dominated in his category at successive Paralympic Games.

In 2008 he won a legal battle over his blades with the International Association of Athletics Federations (IAAF) for the right to compete in able-bodied competitions.

Icon of athletics

His achievements have made him a “living legend” and placed him among global sporting royalty, South African broadcaster and commentator Daniel Silke told the BBC.

“He’s a household name, he’s a hero in the South African sporting context. He is of course someone who has overcome great difficulty and tragedy in his own personal life,” he added.

The South African Sports Confederation and Olympic Committee said it had been inundated with questions over the incident, but was in no position to comment.

Ed Warner, head of UK Athletics also reiterated that little was known about the incident but described the reports as “shocking and very sad,” adding that: “Pistorius is one of the great icons of Paralympic athletics but also of able-bodied athletics too”.

The International Paralympic Committee also declined to comment on the matter as a police investigation was under way.

La taula de canvis | El primer pas

nvis de la ciutat de València

Taula de canvis de la ciutat de València

Taula de Canvis 1

 

 

 

 

 

Quan els banquers pagaven les seves culpes

La Taula de Canvis va aparèixer durant el regnat de Jaume I El Conqueridor (1213-1276). La legislació romana i goda que regien aquest negoci va ser substituïda.

Aquests són alguns dels articles d’aquesta legislació bancària:

El 13 febrer de 1300 es va establir que qualsevol banquer que es declarés en fallida seria humiliat per tot el poble, per un pregoner públic i forçat a viure en una estricta dieta de pa i aigua fins que tornés als seus creditors la quantitat completa dels seus dipòsits.

El 16 maig de1301 es va decidir que els banquers estarien obligats a obtenir fiances i garanties de tercers a fi de permetre poder operar, i aquells que no ho fessin no se’ls permetria d’estendre unes estovalles sobre els seus comptes de treball. El propòsit d’això era assenyalar a tothom que aquests banquers no eren tan solvents com aquells que usaven estovalles, és a dir, que estaven recolzats per fiances. Qualsevol banquer que trenqués aquesta regla (per exemple, que operés amb unes estovalles, però sense fiança) seria declarat culpable de frau.

No obstant això, malgrat tot, els banquers aviat van començar a enganyar als seus clients.

A causa de aquests enganys, el 14 agost de1321 es va establir que aquells banquers que no complissin immediatament els seus compromisos, se’ls declararia en fallida, i si no paguessin els seus deutes en el termini d’un any, caurien en desgràcia pública, el que seria pregonat per portanveus per tot el poble. Immediatament després, el banquer seria decapitat directament davant del seu taulell, i les seves propietats venudes localment per pagar als seus creditors.

Existeixen evidències documentals de que això es complia.
Per exemple, el banquer Francesc Castelló, va ser decapitat a Barcelona, directament davant el seu taulell el capvespre d’un dimarts 10 de Novembre de 1360, en estricte compliment de la llei.
A la llotja de Barcelona el 20 de gener de 1401 s’obre una taula de canvi coberta amb un tapet amb les armes de la ciutat. Guillem Colom i Saplana conjuntament amb Miquel Roura van ser el 1402 els primers administradors de la Taula de Canvis i Ccomuns Dipòsits de Barcelona(el primer banc públic de la història). S’encarregava de donar crèdit al monarca i al Consell de la ciutat, i acceptava dipòsits de particulars amb millors garanties que la resta de bancs. La família Colom i la Taula de Canvi van jugar un paper important en la vida pública catalana de tot el segle XV.
Es tracta d’una entitat financera precursora dels actuals bancs centrals, amb la diferència que la Taula estava vinculada a les institucions municipals. De fet, era un departament del govern de la ciutat concebut, en primer lloc, com a suport de la hisenda municipal. Segons el seu reglament els seus recursos de crèdit serien reservats per a ús exclusiu de la ciutat, sense poder fer préstecs a persones particulars sota cap circumstància.
A la Taula revertien els diferents impostos municipals, i aquesta institució els gestionava a fi i efecte de mantenir, sobretot, prou fons per mantenir l’abast de blat i carn a la ciutat. També seria tasca de la Taula la gestió de l’amortització del deute municipal — molt gran en aquella època – i, des de 1413, també era dipositària i gestora dels fons de la Generalitat.
La Taula era situada al carrer dels Canvis Vells nº 10, cantonada amb el carrer del Consolat, just davant la Llotja i prop del Palau Episcopal.

Segons Sanchis Guarner el 1407 Martí l’Humà autoritzà la creació de la Taula de Canvis i Depòsits de la Ciutat de València, a imitació de la taula de canvi que havia estat instituïda a Barcelona el 1401.

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